Family Histories

AA Family
AA Family

Where it all began… The story of Wart Ear and her family, the first elephants identified in 1972 by Cynthia Moss and Harvey Croze.

BC Family
BC Family

The BCs are one of our smaller and less regularly seen families in Amboseli.

CB Family
CB Family

One of the most tight-knit and affectionate Amboseli families, Celeste would reign as matriarch for many years.

EA Family History
Twins Eclipse & Equinox
EA Family History

We saw the EA family on the very first day the project began, but at the time we were only familiarizing ourselves with the elephants so they had not been categorized and named until a year later.

FB Family
FB Family

Feisty Freda and her family.

HA Family
HA Family

Always tiny, the HAs have managed to persist against the odds.

IA/IC Family
IA/IC Family

Three Holes appeared in the Amboseli population around 1977, a “floater” who must have lost the rest of her family. She joined Isabel and the IA family, and eventually became their matriarch – a wonderful example of social flexibility.

JB Family
One of the earliest photos of the JB family
JB Family

The JB's were first photographed by Dr Ian Douglas-Hamilton who Dr Cynthia Moss worked with in her early career.

KB Family
KB Family

The KBs are one of the immigrant groups that moved into the central region of Amboseli in the late '70s.

LB Family
LB Family

The LB family is one of the biggest and in some ways the most successful of
any family in Amboseli.

LD Family
The LD family in 2005
LD Family

The LD family has had a very interesting history. It started out as part of the LB
family, which was one of the immigrant groups that moved into the central region of Amboseli in the late 1970s.

MB Family
Minnie with a portion of the MBs
MB Family

The MB family was one of the last families to be recognized in the
Amboseli population.

PA Family
PA Family

One of the biggest Amboseli families, the PAs have provided us with many important data points as well as many wonderful hours of field time.

QB Family
QB Family

Qumquat became a tragic Amboseli icon in October 2012, when she and her two daughters were slaughtered by poachers. The QBs have had their fair share of tribulations: here is their story up to August 2012.

SA Family
SA Family

One of the earliest Amboseli families sighted, the SAs were so named because somehow their females became known as Sandy and Shirley.

BB Family
BB Family

The wonderful story of Big Tuskless and her family and their ups and downs.

CA family
CA family

The CA family was first recorded on October 10, 1973. At that time the Amboseli
Elephant Research Project was just getting started. They had a very distinctive looking matriarch at the time we named Curtain Ear.

D Families
D Families

The Ds have shown us some of the most interesting family dynamics over the time we have known them, including one female going off with an unrelated female and creating a whole new family unit.

EB Family
EB Family

Possibly the most famous elephant ever, Echo led her family from seven members at the start of the study, to a flourishing 37 at the time of her death in 2009. She remains an Amboseli icon.

GB & GB2 Families
GB & GB2 Families

The GB family split into two parts, but since the time of writing these two parts have rejoined one another. This rejoin was precipitated by the loss of two big females, Gladys and Gwen in 2009, and is the first time we have ever documented this kind of flexibility.

HB Family
HB Family

The HBs are a good example of how important leadership skills and knowledge among females are in contributing to a family's success. Over the years they have had some incredible leadership in Horatia and Hazel, leading to the gradual growth of this family. We predict the HBs will go on to be one of the biggest families in the Amboseli population.

JA & JA2 Families
JA & JA2 Families

Beautiful Jezebel led the JA family for many years, and this sweet family of characters has always been a firm favourite with ATE researchers.

KA Family
KA Family

The KAs have had more than their fair share of troubles over the time we have known them, but they are currently flourishing once again.

LA Family
The LA matriarch Lillian
LA Family

The ‘L’ family was not recorded or photographed until March 23, 1975. They were a neat, small self-contained group consisting of just seven members. 

LC Family
Lulu
LC Family

The LC family is another family with a somewhat unusual history. The members originally belonged to the LA family when Cynthia first got to know them back in 1975.

MA Family
MA Family

The MAs were a difficult family to work out early in the study, because they were so closely bonded to the WA family. This friendship has now lasted thirty years.

OA Family
OA Family

Renowned for their exceptionally beautiful females, the OA family are close friends with the CBs.

PC & PC2 Histories
Philomena and Penelope greeting
PC & PC2 Histories

The PC and PC2 families have had an unusual history. Up until 1982 the
PCs were part of the PAs, which was the largest family in the Amboseli
population.

RA Family
RA Family

Fascinating, and frustrating, the RAs have challenged and puzzled us with their family dynamics.

SB Family
SB Family

First recorded on April 6, 1974 after the matriarch had a radio collar put on her. We called her Sona because of the beeping sounds that we picked up on the radio receiver.

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“Elephants form deep bonds with each other, which last for decades. Elephant survival is strongly affected by access to the social and ecological knowledge that older elephants hold; where to go, what to eat, how to avoid danger.”
- Dr. Cynthia Moss

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